Biofuels and bioliquids
In Finland forest biomass and different wood-based sidestreams of forest industry are used for production of biofuels and bioliquids. Biofuels, e.g. bioethanol and biodiesel are used for transport purposes. Bioliquids, such as pyrolysis oil can be used also for heating.
In Finland transport sector plays an important role in achieving carbon emission reduction target, in other words, CO2 emissions. Emission reduction possibilities in trasnport sector have been investigated throughly in recent years in Finland, and severla reportres have looked at the emission reduction potential, costs and other impacts of various measures.
The targets to to reduce carbon emissions from transport are set in National Energy and Climate Strategies. The current strategy was adopted in 2016. The target is to increase the share of transport biofuels to 30 per cent.
In Finland all transport fuels distributed contain biocomponents. The amount of these components is based on the limit values set by the national fuel quality regulation and quality criteria standards. Currently, biofuels are some of Finland's top exports.
EU has set targets to increase the use of renewable energy by 2020 and is currently discussing the targets for post-2020 period. By 2020 the target is that share of renewables in transport accounts to 10% of energy content of fuels. The target for renewables in tranport sector by 2030 is currently discussed. the Commission submitted proposal for new renewable energy directive on 30 November 2016 (RED II) In RED II-directive the renewables target in transport sector for 2030 is set at 14%, and there will be a sub-target of for ‘advanced biofuels’.
Biofuels and bioliquids must fulfil the sustainability criteria set at EU level. In Finland the Act on biofuels and bioliquids (393/2013) includes provisions on EU sustainability criteria and the methods used in verifying compliance with the criteria.