Wood-based energy production in Finland

The most important renewable energy source in Finland are wood-based fuels

In recent years energy derived from wood-based fuels has accounted for around one fourth of Finland’s total energy consumption. Much of this energy is derived from the by-products of the forest industry, including bark, sawdust and black liquor derived from the pulp-making process. About 40 per cent of the raw material wood brought into pulp and paper mills ends up being used to produce energy at some phase of the production process.

In 2016 the share of renewable energy in total energy consumption in Finland was 34 per cent in 2016. Wood-based fuels remained the biggest energy sources in Finland and their share of total energy consumption was 26 per cent.

Energy from forest industry by-products and logging residues

The branches, crowns and stumps of harvested trees cannot be used by industry to produce timber goods or pulp and paper. But they can be chipped to make wood-chip fuels that can then be used to generate carbon-neutral bioenergy. The use of forest chips to create energy in Finland has eightfolded since 2000. Approximately 8.0 million cubic metres of forest chips were used to generate bioenergy in Finland in 2016. Most of this volume (7.6 million m3) was used in heating and power plants, but forest chips are also used to heat many farms and other homes.

Graphs on forest-based energy (Finnish forest association)
Renewable energy sources in Finland 1970-2016 (Statistics Finland)
Energy supply and consumption in Finland (Statistics Finland)
National Energy and Climate strategy for 2030 pdf 1,1MB




Further information

Kaisa Pirkola, neuvotteleva virkamies 
MMM, Luonnonvaraosasto, Metsä- ja bioenergiayksikkö 0295162350   forename.surname@mmm.fi