Foodstuffs for particular nutritional use
Foodstuffs for particular nutritional uses are foods which, due to their special composition, are suitable for their claimed nutritional purposes. They are suitable for persons who may benefit from them due to a special physiological condition, such as disturbed digestive processes or metabolism.
The key legislation on foodstuffs for particular nutritional uses is under reform. Until the new legislation becomes applicable, the foodstuffs are regulated by the Commission Directive 2009/39/EY on foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses, which has been implemented through the national decree 121/2010 and more detailed foodstuff-specific legislation.
The Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira’s website includes more information on current legislation on foodstuffs for particular nutritional uses, such as guidelines on notifications and control activities:
New legislation on food for specific groups
The new Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 on food for specific groups will replace the current legislation on foodstuffs for particular nutritional uses on 20 July 2016. Old directives and national legislation adopted under them will be repealed. In the future, separate provisions will not be established for foodstuffs for particular nutritional uses authorised at the national level, such as lactose-free products and products for people with high cholesterol levels. These foods will be regulated by horizontal legislation on, for example, the addition of nutrients and claims on the effects of foods. In the future, detailed rules will only be established for
- infant formula and follow-on formula
- processed cereal-based food and baby food
- food for special medical purposes
- total diet replacement for weight control.
In 2015, the Commission is also expected to propose legislation for the regulation of milk products intended for young children.
More information and guidelines on the legislation on foodstuffs for particular nutritional uses is available on the Commission website.
Finland’s positions on drafting EU legislation concerning food fortification and food supplements are prepared in an expert group of the sub-committee responsible for food legislation and control operating under the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.