Severe forest damages are quite rare in Finland. So far the health of Finnish forests is good, but climate change and immigrant species may increase the risks. Occasional local forest damage include storms, snow, moose and annosus root rot. Latest storms have occurred in July–August 2010, December 2011 and November-December 2013. The most severe storm “Asta” in 2010 fleed over 8 million m3 of wood. Forest fires have been successfully prevented through efficient fire control.
European spruce bark beetle (Ips typographus) has caused serious damage in Spruce forests in southern and south-eastern Finland during 2010-2013. Spruce bark beetle has benefitted from the dry, hot summers especially in 2010 and 2011.
Several measures against forest damages
Forest administration has prepared itself for extensive storms and other damages in forests by contingency plans.
The Forest Damages Prevention Act took effect on 1st January 2014. It aims to ensure that the health of forests is not weakened in the treatment of forests, wood harvesting and storage of wood. The Finnish Forest Centre controls the Act. Natural Resources Institute Finland monitors the health of forests and changes in this.