Use of wood
Finland has long traditions in sustainable use of wood. Finland’s forests are currently growing at a rate of 105,5 million cubic metres a year. Over the years 2005−2015 the amounts of roundwood harvested from the forests averaged 57 million cubic metres a year. Due to new investments in forest industry, in recent years harvesting volumes have been higher than this. For example, in 2015 the total volume of roundwood harvested from the Finnish forests amounted to 68 million cubic metres.
The industrial use of forests for sawn timber and paper products began in the late 19th century. Relative to its size, Finland is more dependent on forests and the forest industry than any other country in the world. As a consequence, Finland has accumulated an expertise in forestry and industrial manufacturing of forest products that is unique in Europe.
In 2015, a total of 74.3 million cubic meters (m3) of roundwood was used in Finland. The consumption includes both domestic and imported roundwood. The consumption in pulp and paper industry was 37.6 million m3 and 27 million m3 in wood-product industry.
New products and services
Besides pulp, paper and sawnwood, new products and services have been derived from wood and its constituents. Biomasses originating in forests are now being used in textile fibres, medicines, chemicals, functional foods, plastics, cosmetics, smart packaging and biofuels. New opportunities are still seen in wood product industry, building, intelligent papers and bio-refineries, and in food and pharmaceutical industry.
In Finland renewable energy already represents almost 39% of the final energy consumption. The objective set for Finland by the EU is 38% by 2020. Wood accounts for 80% of our renewable energy. Most of that is produced by the side streams of wood-based industries.
Links to Finnish organisations and associations related to forest industry