Sustainable forest management
Finland’s forests are managed and utilised in accordance with the principles of sustainable development. Finland’s forests are currently growing at a rate of 105 million cubic metres of timber a year. Over the years 2005−2015 the amounts of wood harvested from the forests averaged 57 million cubic metres a year. About 90 % of this timber was harvested for use in industries, including Finland’s advanced pulp and paper industry. Natural losses of wood during the same period averaged about 9,8 million cubic metres annually.
Well planned forestry can safeguard Finland’s forests for all kinds of utilisation in the future. It is vital to manage forests carefully with respect to their biodiversity and ecological state. Forestry work is also planned so as to ensure that forest soils and water courses are not degraded.
Acts and decrees ensure sustainable forestry
Forest legislation is the most powerful means of forest policy for ensuring sustainable forestry. The Forest Act lays down provisions on the restrictions and preconditions for the use of commercial forests. The Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry promotes forest improvement and environmental management in private forests and the use of wood for energy. There is also legislation on the prevention of forest damage, trade in forest reproductive material, timber measurement, jointly owned forests and organisations in the forestry sector. Provisions for protected forests are stipulated in the Nature Conservation Act.