Forestry helps to mitigate and adapt to climate change
Climate change mitigation
Forests are an important carbon sink. During the last decade the sink effect of Finland's forests corresponded to 30–50 % of Finland's total greenhouse gas emissions. The ability of forests to act as carbon sinks can be protected by ensuring appropriate and well timed management and regeneration of forests. Wood construction and wood products manufacture represent sustainable uses of natural resources and long-term carbon sequestration. Sustainable forest management, increased use of wood products, as well as increasing the share of wood based energy are good tools for climate change mitigation.
Adaptation to climate change
Climate change is expected to have a significant impact in Finland on the natural environment, the economy and society. Climate change is expected to lead to rising trends in both temperature and precipitation. In Finland, precipitation totals are expected to increase especially in winter. From the point of view of Finnish economy and society, extreme weather phenomena pose a more serious problem than gradual climatic change. Phenomena such as very warm or very cold periods, storms and floods, may be expected to increase in frequency and magnitude. Climate change is also expected to increase the occurrence of prevalence of heavy rain and shortening periods of snow and frost, which has significance also for forest management.
Climate change also increases the risk of many kinds of forest damage as it improves the conditions for the reproduction and survival of many insects and fungi. The more abundant and genetically diverse the tree population, the better it is able to adapt to changing climate conditions. Climate change can also have positive impacts on forest sector, such as increased growth, faster regeneration and more reliable seed production.