Use of wood in Finland

Finland has long traditions in the use of wood for manufacturing printing and writing papers and packaging materials, as construction and interior design material, and for energy production. Today wood is also being used for the manufacture of many other everyday products, including cosmetics, pharmaceutical products and food. New innovative uses include wood and plastic composites and various biochemicals and biopolymers needed in the chemical, food and pharmaceutical industries. Modern technologies also enable the use of wood-derived ingredients to make clothes, plastic, asphalt or animal feed. Wood processing side streams are used to manufacture liquid biofuels which may be used to substitute for fossil oil in transport and heating.

One of the most significant benefits of wood compared to fossil raw materials is renewability. As a rule the greenhouse gas emissions and carbon footprint of products manufactured from renewable biomass are smaller than those of similar products made from fossil raw materials.

Increased use of wood in diverse ways and for multiple purposes

Increasing the use of wood for various purposes has been set as the target in many strategies, including the National Forest Strategy 2025 and the Finnish Bioeconomy Strategy. Among the targets is diversification and increase of the use of wood and raising its value added and efficient use of by-products.

Related topics
Forestry and use of wood in Finland -infographs
Circular economy: Wood-based materials in circular economy in Finland

Related links
Finnish bioeconomy in numbers (LUKE, 2018)
Finland's Forests 2019 leaflet (LUKE, 2019)
Good news from Finland: Forest industry
Newest products and services of forest bioeconomy (Innovations)
Forest bioeconomy catalogue (Finnish Forest Association)
Forest industry related graphs (

Links to Finnish federations and associations related to use of wood
The Finnish Forest Industries Federation
Finnish Sawmills Association
Chemical Industry Federation of Finland
Finnish Energy
Bioenergy Association in Finland

Further information

Kaisa Pirkola, Ministerial Adviser 
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Luonnonvaraosasto, Metsä- ja bioenergiayksikkö 0295162350