Use of wood in Finland

Finland has long traditions in the use of wood for manufacturing printing and writing papers and packaging materials, as construction and interior design material, and for energy production. Today wood is also being used for the manufacture of many other everyday products, including cosmetics, pharmaceutical products and food. New innovative uses include wood and plastic composites and various biochemicals and biopolymers needed in the chemical, food and pharmaceutical industries. Modern technologies also enable the use of wood-derived ingredients to produce clothes, plastic, asphalt or animal feed. Wood processing side streams are often used to manufacture liquid biofuels which may be used to substitute for fossil fuels in transport and heating. However, using wood as an energy source is considered secondary to the production of higher value added products. 

One of the most significant benefits of wood compared to fossil raw materials is its renewability. The greenhouse gas emissions and carbon footprint of products manufactured from renewable biomass are generally smaller than those of similar products made of fossil-based raw materials.

Increased use of wood in diverse ways and for multiple purposes

Increasing the use of wood for various purposes has been set as the target in many strategies, including the National Forest Strategy 2025 and the Finnish Bioeconomy Strategy. The strategies specifically aim to diversify and increas the use of wood, as well as to increase the value added of wooden products and utilisation of by-products.

Related topics
Forestry and use of wood in Finland -infographs
Circular economy: Wood-based materials in circular economy in Finland

Related links
Finnish bioeconomy in numbers (LUKE, 2018)
Finland's Forests 2019 leaflet (LUKE, 2019)
Good news from Finland: Forest industry
Newest products and services of forest bioeconomy (Innovations)
Forest bioeconomy catalogue (Finnish Forest Association)
Forest industry related graphs (

Links to Finnish federations and associations related to use of wood
The Finnish Forest Industries Federation
Finnish Sawmills Association
Chemical Industry Federation of Finland
Finnish Energy
Bioenergy Association in Finland

Further information

Kaisa Pirkola, Ministerial Adviser 
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Luonnonvaraosasto, Metsä- ja bioenergiayksikkö 0295162350