Forest resources in Finland

Forests cover more than 75 per cent of the land area of Finland. Measured by the proportional share of forest land, Finland is the most forested country in Europe. A total of 20.3 million hectares is available for wood production, of which 61 per cent is privately owned. Finland has the fifth largest wood resources in Europe, after Russia, France, Sweden and Germany.

The volume of growing stock and the state of forests have been monitored in Finland since the 1920's. The growing stock volume in Finland's forests totals 2.5 billion cubic meters. This is 1.7 times the volume recorded in the 1920's.

In the past decades, the volume of wood harvested has been clearly below the growth, which means that the wood resources keep on growing. The total annual growth of Finnish forests is approximately 108 million cubic metres (NFI 12). In 2020 roundwood removal was about 69 million cubic metres, 85 percent of which was used by the forest industry and 15 percent for fuelwood consumed in private homes or small-diameter roundwood used as forest chips. In 2020, total drain from Finnish forests was approximately 83,5 million cubic metres. Total drain from the forest includes roundwood removals as well as roundwood left in the forests as unrecovered logging residues and trees that die for natural causes.

Forest is one of the dominating elements of Finnish nature and its diversity. Almost three million hectares of the Finnish forests are protected or under restricted use, which represents 12,6 per cent of the forest area. This is the highest share in Europe. By a wise combination of utilisation and protection, healthy and diverse forests will be preserved for future generations as well. Forests contribute to the climate change by sequestering carbon, but climate change also poses various new risks for forests that need to be considered in forest management.

Related topics
Sustainable forest management
Calculations concerning the growth and sustainability of Finnish forests
Biodiversity in commercial forests

Related links
Forest Resources (Natural Resources Institute Finland)
Resources and ownership (Forest.fi)
Forestry and use of wood in Finland -infographs pdf 5.1MB
Finland's forests 2019 fact sheet (Natural Resources Institute)

Further information

Marja Kokkonen, metsäneuvos 
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Luonnonvaraosasto, Metsä- ja bioenergiayksikkö Agriculture and Fisheries Council  0295162444