Forest resources in Finland

Forests cover more than 75 per cent of the land area of Finland. Measured by the proportional share of forest land, Finland is the most forested country in Europe. A total of 20.3 million hectares is available for wood production, 61 per cent of this is privately owned.

In the past decades the volume of wood harvested has been clearly below the growth, which means that the wood resources keep growing. In 2019, total roundwood removal was about 73.3 billion cubic metres. Finland has the fifth largest wood resources in Europe, after Russia, France, Sweden and Germany.

Forests are a renewable natural resource - a source of both economic and spiritual welfare. Forest is one of the dominating elements of Finnish nature and its diversity. Almoust three million hectares of the Finnish forests are protected or under restricted use, which represents 12,6 per cent of the forest area. This is the highest share in Europe. By a wise combination of utilisation and protection, healthy and diverse forests will be preserved for future generations as well. Forests contribute to the climate change mitigation by sequestering carbon, but climate change also involves various new risks for forests.

Related topics
Sustainable forest management
Calculations concerning the growth and sustainability of Finnish forests
Biodiversity in commercial forests

Related links
Forest Resources (Natural Resources Institute Finland)
Resources and ownership (
Forestry and use of wood in Finland -infographs pdf 5.1MB
Finland's forests 2019 fact sheet (Natural Resources Institute)

Further information

Marja Kokkonen, metsäneuvos 
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Luonnonvaraosasto, Metsä- ja bioenergiayksikkö Agriculture and Fisheries Council  0295162444