Seed production, plant breeding and wild oats


The objective of the Seed Trade Act is to maintain high-quality seed and plant production in Finland. Seeds are important inputs for agriculture. High-quality seeds and choosing the right plant varieties can have a significant impact on production. According to the Seed Trade Act, all seeds and seed potatoes marketed in Finland must be certified.

The purpose of the Act on Preventing Wild Oat is to control wild oat and prevent it from spreading. Wild oat is a weed that disturbs cereal cultivation and seed production in particular. Preventing and monitoring the spread of wild oats is highly important because it is the best way to avoid financial losses. 


The aim of plant breeding is to produce new high-yield varieties that are reliable and adapted to the Finnish conditions. Short growing season, long days in the summer and special soil characteristics play a key role in Finnish plant production. Finland has been a member of the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) since 1993, and we also have our own national legislation on plant breeders’ rights, protecting new plant varieties.

Further information

Marja Savonmäki, Ministerial Adviser 
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ruokaosasto, Eläin- ja kasvinterveyden yksikkö 0295162280