Food improvement agents (additives, flavourings and enzymes)

Food improvement agents (FIA) include food additives, flavourings and enzymes. Apart from certain flavouring types, the European Food Safety Authority EFSA assesses the safety of the substances before their use is authorised. FIAs are usually not consumed as food, but they are intentionally added to food for technological purposes. Processing aids are also FIAs, but unlike other improvement agents, only extraction solvents are regulated in more detail at the EU level.

Finland’s positions on drafting EU legislation concerning FIA matters are coordinated in an expert group of the sub-committee responsible for food legislation and control operating under the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

More information and guidelines on the legislation on food improvement agents is available on the Commission website.

The European Commission maintains an online database on food additives and their uses. Please keep in mind that the database only serves as a tool and has no legal value like the legislation on additives.

The Finnish Food Authority’s website includes, for example, national guidelines on the control of FIAs and operators, results of analysis projects and risk assessment reports.

Further information

Anna Lemström, elintarvikeylitarkastaja 
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ruokaosasto, Elintarviketurvallisuusyksikkö 0295162145