Every effort should be made to prevent damage caused by game animals. One of the preconditions for receiving compensation is that the party suffering the damage has by reasonable means available made efforts to prevent the damage from occurring or spreading.
Damage caused by a large carnivore can be prevented, for example, by using electric fences, noise deterrents and livestock guarding dogs and by protecting dogs in different ways, like by building durable dog runs for outdoor dogs.
Damage caused by cervids can be prevented by providing more usable food for the animals, by protecting nursery plants with mechanical and chemical deterrents and by attracting cervids away from seedling stands using a lick block. Another key measure in preventing cervid damages is hunting, which is used to regulate the size of cervid populations. Cervid damages may be prevented in a specific area by focusing cervid hunting activities in the area in question.