Climate change adaptation
The climate is warming in spite of the mitigation efforts, and there is no way to fully prevent climate change. Because of the warming climate and increasingly common extreme weather events and hydrological conditions, both the natural environment and societies are faced with exceptionally rapid changes.
We must prepare for and be able to adapt to the unavoidable consequences of climate change, such as increased flooding. Adaptation measures are aimed to prepare for the changing climate in all sectors of the society. Taking the adaptation measures at the earliest stage possible is the most cost-efficient way to act.
National Climate Change Adaptation Plan 2022
The aim of the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan is that the Finnish society has the capacity to adapt to changes in the climate and manage the risks associated with them. The plan was adopted as a Government Resolution on 20 November 2014.
The measures introduced by the plan help to mitigate the adverse consequences of climate change, including those to human safety and living conditions, natural environment, livelihoods and functions vital to society. The aim is also to benefit from the opportunities in terms of livelihoods and business created by the adaptation measures.
The key principle of the adaptation plan concerns the incorporation of climate change adaptation into the regular planning, implementation and development of all sectors and actions. The implementation of the plan is coordinated by the national monitoring group on climate change adaptation.
Adaptation and Climate Change Act
The National Climate Change Adaptation Plan is part of the planning system for climate change policy under the Climate Change Act.
The Government adopts the adaptation plan at least once every ten years. The plan contains a risk and vulnerability assessment and sector-specific action programmes for adaptation, as considered necessary.
A report on the implementation, adequacy and effectiveness of the adaptation measures is to be submitted at least once in every electoral term as part of the climate change report.
Assessment of Climate Change Adaptation
The evaluation and revision of the strategy
The National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change was adopted in 2005. The first evaluation report on the implementation of the strategy was published in 2009. A broader evaluation was conducted in 2013 to assess the progress in adaptation as well as to give feedback and recommendation for the revision of the strategy. The third evaluation process will be ready in the end of 2018.
The revision of the adaptation strategy, The National Adaptation Plan for Climate Change 2022, was published in 2014.
- Evaluation of the National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (pdf)
- Evaluation of the implementation of Finland's National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change 2009 (pdf)
- Finland's National Climate Change Adaptation Plan 2022 (2014) (pdf)
- Finland's National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change 2005 (pdf)