Biological diversity, or biodiversity, means the variety of all forms of life: genetic variation within species, the abundance of species and the diversity of their habitats. Halting the loss of biodiversity by 2020 is a global goal. The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry safeguards biodiversity by ensuring the sustainable use of natural resources in its administrative branch. This includes agricultural areas and landscapes, forests, game and reindeer husbandry as well as fish and water resources.
The Finnish strategy for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity outlines objectives and measures to halt the loss of biodiversity by 2020. The strategy was adopted in December 2012 by the Government Resolution on the Strategy for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in Finland for the Years 2012–2020, “Saving Nature for People”. The strategy is based the objectives set in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and EU’s Biodiversity Strategy.