Natural products are an important part of Finland’s bioeconomy resource
Natural products include wild berries, mushrooms, herbs and sap, ornamental plants, and raw materials for wellness and cosmetics products. The natural product sector differs from other agricultural and horticultural production with regard to the high share of exports: as much as half of the wild berries and mushrooms picked for sale is exported.
The Government steers the operations in the natural resources and natural product sectors as follows:
- “Building an Intelligent and Responsible Natural Resources Economy” Natural Resources Report submitted to Parliament by the Finnish Government
- National Forest Strategy 2025
One of the objectives of the strategy is to achieve growth in diverse, forest-based business and in the natural product sector. Utilising the opportunities associated with natural products calls for innovation, internationalisation, more advanced technologies, and further development of entrepreneurship in the nature sector. Of the projects under the Forest Strategy especially the development of statistics is concerned with the natural product sector.
Investing in the natural product sector
The Rural Development Programme for Mainland Finland 2014–2020 includes grants for companies and projects aiming to develop the natural product sector. The programme provides support for various communication and cooperation projects and for development activities carried out by individual micro and small enterprises.
To ensure effective activities in the natural product sector, the programme also grants funding for a sector coordination project that functions as an umbrella project for the others in the programme.
Natural products play an important role in the economy and society
In good years, Finnish households pick about 50 million kilos of wild berries, while around 20 million kilos are picked on a commercial basis. The amount of wild mushrooms picked annually by households is 5–10 million kilos, with around 1.5 million kilos picked for sale. The commercial collection of wild herbs for food, wellness and cosmetics industry products and in the nutrition sector is currently on the rise.
There are more than 200 companies in the sector that carry out collection, cultivation or semi-cultivation of natural products. Cultivation of wild plants increases crop security and puts less pressure on the collection of wild plants. It is particularly important for species with sparse distributions and a high susceptibility to harvesting pressure.
The unadjusted turnover of the natural product sector in 2017 was approximately EUR 530 million. Collecting natural products under the right of access to private land provides an opportunity for anyone to earn money, including foreign pickers and collectors. Several hundred small first-purchase and processing companies operate in the industry.
Business in the natural product sector can be increased not only in primary production but also in the food, biotechnology, cosmetics, pharmaceutical and herbal medicine industries. Another significant source of business comes from combining natural products with wellbeing services and tourism. Innovative forest-based products and services are being developed through cross-sectoral collaboration and networking among different fields of business.
Organic natural products make up an important part of our natural product sector. In Finland, natural products and digitalisation are coming together in a unique way. The Ministry is currently funding a project to develop the Finnish Forest Centre’s Metsään.fi system so that forest owners can use it to register their forests as organic collection areas. This work will be completed by autumn 2019 at the latest.
Sector report for the natural product sector (In Finnish)
Nature entrepreneur network (In Finnish)
Action programme for the natural product sector (In Finnish)
the Rural Development Programme for Mainland Finland
The Arctic Flavours Association