Protection of forests in Finland
In Finland, national parks and strict nature reserves constitute the basic framework of the nature conservation network. Other areas dedicated to biodiversity conservation include, inter alia, strictly protected zones so called wilderness areas, protected old-growth forests and areas under other conservation programmes, as well as habitats of special importance as defined in the Forest Act.
In total, 2.94 million hectares of forests are protected or under restricted use, which is 13 per cent of the total forest area in Finland. Forest, in this case, refers to forest land and poorly productive forest land, including forested peatlands. Protected forests consist of forests protected by law and biodiversity conservation areas in commercial forests. In total, 2.46 million hectares is protected by law. In addition, there are 0.48 million hectares of biodiversity conservation areas in commercial forests.
The total forest area under strict conservation is 2.27 million hectares, which is 10 per cent of the total forest area. It is a large share in international comparison. Most of the protected forest areas are in Northern Finland, while in the Southern part of the country the share of protected forest areas is much smaller.
Nature conservation areas in Finland (Ministry of the Environment)
Protection of species and habitats (Ministry of the Environment)
Forest protection statistics (Natural Resources Institute Finland)